Wednesday, August 31, 2016

Strange and Amazing Animals

The mantis shrimp is found in the warm waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The shrimp's eyes contain millions of light-sensitive cells with upwards of 12 to 16 colour-receptive cones.
The coconut crab (Birgus latro) is the largest arthropod on Earth. This crab lives on islands throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Penis snake. This strange-looking creature is called Atretochoana eiselti and is a type of caecilian, a limbless amphibian.
Pacu fish have a mouth full of human-looking teeth. They are found in South America and feed mainly on plants and other fish.
Tufted deer (Elaphodus cephalophus) are a small species of deer characterized by a prominent tuft of black hair on its forehead and fang-like canines for the males.
Coelopleurus exquisitus is a species of sea urchin discovered in 2005 in New Caledonia. This picture shows two sea urchin skeletons stacked; the upper urchin is Coelopleurus exquisitus.

Argonaut Gold Inc. - AR.t

Argonaut Gold Inc. - AR.t primary gold assets are the El Castillo Mine (Durango, Mexico), the La Colorada Mine (Sonora, Mexico), the advanced exploration stage San Antonio and Magino projects, as well as the exploration-stage La Fortuna Project.

On August 11, 2016 the company released Numbers

"Argonaut Gold Inc. (TSX: AR) (the “Company”, “Argonaut Gold” or “Argonaut”) is pleased to announce its financial and operating results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2016.  All dollar amounts are expressed in United States dollars unless otherwise specified.
 3 months ended  June 30 Change6 months ended June 30Change
Financial Data (in millions except for earnings (loss) per share)
Gross profit (loss)$7.8($10.2)176%$16.7($3.5)577%
Net income (loss)($0.7)($10.5)93%$3.6($9.0)140%
Earnings (loss) per share - basic($0.00)($0.07)100%$0.02($0.06)133%
Adjusted net income3$3.1$0.9244%$4.9$2.688%
Adjusted earnings per share – basic3$0.02$0.01100%$0.03$0.0250%
Cash flow from operating activities before changes in non-cash operating working capital and other items$9.2$11.4(19%)$18.1$28.2(36%)
Cash and cash equivalents   $54.1$43.724%
Gold Production and Cost Data
GEOs loaded to the pads163,72455,87114%114,726110,1254%
GEOs projected recoverable1,232,12531,6172%59,98163,251(5%)
GEOs produced129,23736,529(20%)61,39179,784(23%)
GEOs sold131,23036,547(15%)61,24278,965(22%)
Average realized sales price$1,258$1,2015%$1,220$1,2061%
Cash cost per gold ounce sold3$794$7792%$776$7553%
All-in sustaining cost per gold ounce sold3$947$9094%$910$8952%

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Capstone Mining Corp - CS.t

Capstone Mining Corp - CS.t operates three producing copper mines: Pinto Valley in the US, Cozamin in Mexico, and Minto in Canada.

Capstone also has two development projects: Santo Domingo in Chile and Kutcho in Canada, as well as exploration properties in Chile.
On July 26, 2016 the company released Numbers

"Capstone Mining Corp. ("Capstone") (TSX: CS) today announced its financial results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016. Operating cash flow before changes in working capital (1) was $21.6 million or $0.06 per share, with a net loss of $13.4 million and an adjusted net loss of $7.5 million after adjusting for certain non-cash and non-recurring charges. Copper production for the quarter totalled 28,157 tonnes (27,200 tonnes of payable copper) at a C1 cash cost (1) of $1.51 per payable pound produced with copper sales for the quarter of 22,549 tonnes at a C1 cash cost (1) of $1.66 per payable pound sold.

Monday, August 29, 2016

Ancient Helmets

Flattened copper helmet and skull found in the Royal Tomb at Ur
The most vulnerable part of the soldier in battle was his head, so the search for protection by some form of helmet goes back to the earliest times.

Helmets were purpose-built to protect the wearer against the specific weapons he faced. At first, ancient helmets seem to have been pointed at the top, to deflect the downward force. When the ax became popular as a weapon, the shape of the helmet was modified to counter the cutting edge of a downward-falling blade.

The Crosby Garrett Helmet is a copper alloy Roman cavalry helmet dating from the late 2nd or early 3rd century AD. It was found near Crosby Garrett in Cumbria, England

Bronze Helmet from Ancient Greece, around 460 BC

Roman horseman's helmet, found in the Peel district, The Netherlands
This 2,600-year-old bronze helmet was discovered in the waters of Haifa Bay, Israel in 2012. When it was made Greek colonies dotted the Mediterranean coast, stretching from the Black Sea to southern France.

This warrior was likely one of Egyptian pharaoh Necho II's troops, which he sent through Israel accompanied by a fleet of ancient ships. The pharaoh was involved in military campaigns in the region for nearly a decade, operations in which this warrior and his group likely were involved.
Ancient Greek helmets from the Archaic period (800 BC – 480 BCE). A Corinthian-type, found in Leivadia. The second is a Illyrian-type helmet from Leivadia. The third is from Agia Paraskevi near Kozani. All are made of bronze.

The Helmet of Agighiol is a Geto-Dacian silver helmet dating from the 5th century BC.

Sutton Hoo helmet reconstructed

The Golden Helmet of Coţofeneşti

Gladiator helmet from Pompei

Greek Spartan Crest Helmet

Spanish morion (helmet)

Helmet covered in heavy gold florets with spike top, visor front. Chou Dynasty, Emperor Wu Wang tomb complex at Laoyang, circa 1020 BC.

Helmet of a Yuan Dynasty officer

Japanese helmet, circa 1590–1640.

Chinese chichak-style helmet, Ming Dynasty

Helmet from 7th century Viking boat grave
A common myth about the Vikings was that they wore horned helmets in battle. Archaeologists have found no proof to say that their helmets had horns. The reason their helmets didn't have horns was because they would have gotten in the way in battles and may have ended up injuring the wearer.

Real Viking helmets had protective metal down and around the ears and some helmets found in burial mounts had a metal mask in front.

German helmet by famous armorsmith Jörg Seusenhofer ca. 1540